Return of the Prodigal Son by Pompeo Batoni - 1773

Evolution for the Catholic Student

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Thursday, November 29, 2012

The Fathers Speak: Eusebius

The Fathers Speak:

          The fourth century bishop Eusebius was a biblical scholar, but is today best known for his History of the Church.  Eusebius’s History gives us great insight into the early Church and is particularly important because it helps us establish the continuity of our Tradition through the period before the first Council of Nicea.
          The following excerpts give insights into the lives of the Apostles after Pentecost, as well as the composition of Mark’s Gospel and the First Letter of Peter.
          But such a great light of religion shone on the minds of those who heard Peter, that they were not satisfied to hear only once, nor with the unwritten teaching of the divine proclamation; but with every possible plea they besought Mark, whose Gospel is extant, since he was Peter’s follower, to leave behind also a written statement of the teaching which had been given to them orally…and in this way they became the cause of the Scripture called the Gospel According to Mark...
          It is said that Peter’s first Epistle, in which he makes mention of Mark, was composed in Rome itself; and that he himself indicates this, referring to the city figuratively as Babylon…They say that this Mark was the first to be sent to preach in Egypt the Gospel which, indeed, he had written, and that he was the first to establish churches in Alexandria itself…
          The holy Apostles and disciples of the Savior, however, were scattered throughout the whole world.  Thomas, as tradition holds, received Parthia by lot; Andrew, Scythia;…Peter, however, seems to have preached to the Jews in the diaspora in the Pontus and in Galatia, Bithynia, Cappadocia, and in Asia; and at last, having come to Rome, he was crucified head downwards, the manner in which he himself had thought it fitting to suffer…
          After the martyrdom of Paul ad Peter, Linus was the first appointed to the episcopacy of the church at Rome.  Paul, writing to Timothy, mentions him in the salutation at the end of the Epistle.